4 causes of ethnic conflict in ghana

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This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. Ifthere is any country that This has led to the culture of impunity. The naive and ill-informed prognoses of these clashes ignorantly attribute it to disagreement over “guinea-fowl”. In fact, the president of Ghana (2012 - 2017) John Mahama, is not an Ashanti and he is not even an Akan yet he was democratically elected by the entire country to be president of Ghana. Another cause of ethnic conflict in Africa is the challenge associated with political tension, especially in the nations that are emerging from one party and dictatorial regimes into democracy. Case Study: The Dagbon Chieftaincy Crisis 10 4. There are several ethnic and tribal groups in Ghana today yet Ghana remains one of the most peaceful countries in all of Africa. The aborigines of Northern Ghana, like those in other parts of modern-day Ghana, did not have centralised political systems. Ethnic WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. In 1960 roughly 100 linguistic and cultural groups were recorded in Ghana. Political-domestic. and as the most peaceful country in West Africa. Several nations are faced with the opposition fighting to dislodge incumbent regimes that have unyielding commitment to … Human development is first and foremost about allowing people to lead the kind of life they choose - and providing them with the tools and opportunities to make those choices. Ethnic rivalries of the precolonial era, variance in the impact of colonialism upon different regions of the country, and the uneven distribution of social and economic amenities in post-independence Ghana have all contributed to present-day ethnic tensions. Think Tankers Against China: The Australian Strategic Policy Institute, A Quick Note To A Ghanaian Anti-Corruption Campaigner. Open defecation; is it a case of attitude or lack of toilet facilities? The Media, especially the foreign ones have also contributed in fuelling the ethnic problems in Africa. Governments simply refused to implement recommendations. Causes of ethnic conflict in Nigeria are many but we will focus on primary ones that government should deal with to stop the menace at once. This paper gives an account of some of the major conflicts in Northern Ghana that have drawn national attention, most of which were/are violent. February 4, 1874 Battle of Ordashu; December 1895 – February 1896 Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War; March 1900 – September 1900 War of the Golden Stool; July 28, 1914 – November 11, 1918 World War I. August 3, 1914 – November 23, 1918 African theatre of World War I. August 9, 1914 – August 26, 1914 Togoland Campaign. The causes for West Africa’s tendency to conflict are diverse and highly interlinked: Jackson talks about the accumulation of political, economic, structural, historical and cultural factors (2006: 22) and Williams emphasises, that there is not a single element to blame for (2011: 5). causes, but also similar levels of engagement and violence and similar outcomes. A literature search indicates the following to be prominent direct or indirect causes: poor governance; ethnic rivalry; mismanagement of land and natural resources; declining economic conditions; poverty and famine. In fact, in many instances (Bassett 1988; Hagberg 1998, 2001, 2005; Harshbarger 1995), conflict outcomes under the same conditions result in a wide variety of outcomes. However, the home truth is the immediate relevance of ethno political discourse in whipping ethnic sentiments for self serving political expediency. Also the infamous policy of separate development in certain parts of Africa and the policy of indirect rule through which the Colonial Authorities were able to govern by using minority groups accounted for some of the inter-ethnic conflicts on the continent. How and when our politicians, from presidential candidates and parliamentarians since Ghana's independence and in particular since the return to multi party politics, have exploited longstanding historical grievances related to land and chieftaincy in ethnic terms. The United States for instance makes no secret of the fact that their involvement in peacekeeping and conflict is tied up with their financial interest and the strategic location of the country in turmoil. Causes of Conflicts in Africa Conflicts in Africa may be said to have been caused by a multiplicity of factors such as: arbitrary borders created by the colonial powers, heterogeneous ethnic composition of African states, inept political leadership, corruption, negative effect of external debt burden and poverty. Northern Ghana is becoming a dramatic setting for a Rwanda-to-be. Historical Background of the Inter-Ethnic Conflict between Nawuri and Gonja Kpandai area in the Northern Region of Ghana in present-day Kpandai District, known in most records as Alfai, is located in the eastern corridor of the Northern Region of Ghana. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Successive governments' responds have always been rhetorical: Commission of Inquiry and White Paper reports that are never implemented. There is lack of political will to prosecute perpetrators of these clashes and killings. Upper West Region Inter-ethnic Conflict Fact Sheet Context The Lambussie and Nandom districts in the Upper West Region of Ghana are not only separated by administrative boundaries, but also by inter-ethnic tensions. You just found one of our most read articles. Leaders break peace as often as they are signed. The traditional mechanism for resolving peace during inter-clan conflict is very appropriate and should be applied when ethnic conflicts explode. This conscious and manipulation of ethnic consciousness by the politicians terribly gives rise to periodic explosion of ethnic clashes. conflict and conflict resolution in ghana: the case of the dagbon conflict . nic conflicts. 29 March 2002. Who can blame people like that? There is no doubt that in the world today, there is an upsurge of inter-ethnic animosities and most of them have resulted in violence and genocide. Ghana and ethnic conflict What should they expect in the future? All trademarks and copyrights on this page are owned by their respective owners. "Ghana Handling Refugee Problem After Ethnic Violence." What is your sacrificial thing to earn a footprint? Historically it has been proved that colonialism in Africa carried within itself the seed of ethnic conflict. 4. Many countries with a heterogenous ethnic population suffer from some sort of ethnic conflict. 4. Road to Jubilee House: Would it be the return of John or Four More for Nana? [email protected]Development / Accra / Ghana / Africa / Modernghana.com, The author has 3 publications published on Modern Ghana.Column: EmmanuelKAnekunabe, Disclaimer: "The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of Modern Ghana. Roland Agambire: A personification of determination, Ghana can avoid Nigeria's mistakes in oil sector - Prof. Uwazie, Ghana's education reputation being questioned - Effah, NYEP is not an avenue for permanent employment - Akua Dansua, Get the latest live updates about the Coronavirus Pandemic, Catch up on the latest news videos from around the world. 5. Conflict Management: The Role of the … There is also the need for Mediators to be seen as neutral. There is the need for clear and transparent commitment on the parts of those at war to seek peace. Today, the killers of Ya-Na Yakubu Andani II and his 40 elders are sitting pretty! CONFLICTS AND CAUSES OF CONFLICTS IN AFRICA. Ethnic Groups in Ghana. ", I wish to also express my views on the causes of conflicts in Ghana.Especially on the conflict in Bawku.One common cause is the chieftancy dispute between the people of Bawku.They are all have not sat down to think about the effect on the town and the things they loose, Fomena EC office set ablaze after independent candidate’s wi... This paper assesses the effects of inter-ethnic chieftaincy and land conflicts on the socio-political development of northern Ghana. An Historical and Political Overview of the Konkomba and Other Minority Groups 10 6. and as the most peaceful country in West Africa.. The youth are recklessly armed with AK 47 assault rifles, automatic pump action guns and submachine guns. It should be first and foremost recognized that solutions to ethnic conflicts lies ultimately with the factions at war. In search of ethnic conflict remedies, the full collaboration and support of all actors in the peace process are essential. Ethnic conflict was also a big deal after World War II and during the Cold War, when decolonization left different ethnic groups fighting over control of postcolonial nation-states. looking back at the causes of the war in 1994, it seems as though in the future, the two ethnic groups will always have tension due to political injustice. Poor economic performance it will most likely be either the Konkomba or Nanumba to be The Past and Present in Ghana’s Ethnic Conflicts: British Colonial Policy and Konkomba Agency, 1930-1951 Benjamin A. Talton Journal of Asian and African Studies 2003 38 : 2-3 , 192-210 The current unrest in Bawku is another chapter in a long history of tensions between Mamprusis and Kusasis. While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. All trademarks and copyrights on this page are owned by their respective owners. Ghanaians remain one of the most culturally blessed people in all of Africa and all thanks to their tribal and ethnic pride. In Ghana, for example, crop damages have on numerous occasions resulted in widespread violence between farmer youths and FulBe herders, but … I side with this article writer in the sense that this is not a matter of government intervention anymore but rather it should be a concern of all citizens in the nation. The Cultural-Ethnic-Conflict Framework . The Yendi intra-ethnic lineage-based succession conflict 35 Religious Conflict in Mpaha 37 The Buipe chieftaincy dispute 37 Gusheigu political violence 39. iv Page One cannot rule out the fact that these wars have created several refuge problems. Although later censuses placed less emphasis on the ethnic and cultural composition of the population, differences of course existed and had not disappeared by the mid-1990s. Benjamin A. Talton. Leadership, Ethnicity and Conflict in the Northern Region of Ghana.....4 2. The causes of ethnic conflict in Multi-ethnic societies1 Hossien Mohammadzadeh Assistant Professor of Sociology, Department of Social Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran E-mail address: h.mohammadz11@gmail.com ABSTRACT Ethnic conflicts were the main forms of political instability in the multi ethnic societies during second half of twenty century and beginning of new century. Northern Ghana is riddled with conflicts over ethnicity and land ownership as well as over who has rights to assume certain chieftaincies. Causes of ethnic conflict in Nigeria are many but we will focus on primary ones that government should deal with to stop the menace at once. Sorry to sound an alarmist. One of the political root causes could be attributed to when land ownership in Northern Ghana came under the custody of chiefs in 1978 during the Acheampong regime when a law was passed vesting all Northern lands into the hands of selected ethnic groups chiefs and left out most others based on the recommendations of the Alhassan Report of 1978. What is happening up there is a matter of concern to all and i believe if NGOS and other private sectors open more lucreative income earning business there it would get the people busy and hence they wouldnot have time to engage in such activities that leads to violence. Even though Ghana is considered as an oasis of peace within the African continent, it has recently gone through some bad conflict situations whichhas not given it a good name both within and outside the African continent. Anekunabe. Ghana ranks 43rd in the World Peace Index. When presidential and parliamentary candidates prominently pledge to create separate chiefdom for certain communities as some of the political campaign promises to win electoral votes. It examines the causes of these conflicts, some of which include the struggle for traditional power and supremacy, claims of ownership of land and politically and religious-motivated. The 2004 Report builds on that analysis, by carefully examining-and rejecting-claims that cultural differences necessarily lead to social, economic and political conflict or that inherent cultural rights should supersede political and economic ones. This paper provide an overview of land conflict in Ghana. Constructing Dichotomies: The Meaning of Minority.....9 5. 2. Cover Page Footnote . 3 hours ago, Awutu Senya: I’m not behind shooting incident at Kasoa, I di, We're winning over 30% of Ashanti votes – NDC, Freda Prempeh retains Tano North seat for NPP, Abu Jinapor defeats Mutawakilu in Damongo, Ledzokuku: Presiding officers detained over delay in submitt, Kwakye Ofosu loses Abura-Asebu-Kwamankese seat by 176 votes, What Has "Otani Gyimifoc" Have To Do With Agyapa Royalties L, Mrs Konadu Agyemang Rawlings is Vindicated for saying that t, An open letter to Mrs Konadu Agyemang Rawlings, Jean Mensa Forgot; She Could Have Aborted The 2 Kids. 4. Also needed are multicultural policies that recognize differences, champion diversity and promote cultural freedoms, so that all people can choose to speak their language, practice their religion, and participate in shaping their culture - so that all people can choose to be who they are. This sinister political strategy has far reaching implications and consequences than just to win votes and accommodate interests of certain communities. There have been conflicts such as the Konkomba-Nanumba conflict, [when?] It should be pointed out that military options have only succeeded in halting the evil design of the fighter for so long as there is pressure on him. Ironically, Ghanaians have taken pride in our country as a regional and continental beacon of democracy, stability, security and freedom. For instance, the Katanga in Zaire, in Sudan, In Ethiopia, Biafra in Nigeria, in Somalia, and Idi Amin’s coup in Uganda. While the ethnic group is the predominant means of social identity formation in The arbitrary demarcation of boundaries fragmented Africa into smaller weaker status without giving much attention to the prevailing socio-cultural peculiarities of the people. The impression some fellow Ghanaians get of you when you tell them, “am from the north”, is that of someone from a war zone carrying machete, bow and arrows! K. Sadly, clashes are sometimes instigated, orchestrated and financed by senior government officials. Private cars are the next Egyptian pyramids: beyond petrol, Ghana's Election 2020: Our Quest For The Ethical Kingdom, kwasi kumi twumasi | 9/25/2008 1:54:00 PM, Live updates: Ghanaians go to the polls today. The article assesses the socio-economic and human repercussions of one of the fiercest ethnic conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region on people and society. Ethnic conflict is one of the major threats to international peace and security. These ego centric and tribalists should face criminal prosecution for ethnic incitement. A more basic and long-term cause of conflict has been the catastrophic economic performance of many African countries. this thesis is presented to the university of ghana, legon in Metaphorically, that “guinea-fowl” reflects: inequality, bitterness, and discrimination, prejudice, grinding anger, years of repression, harassment, extortion, injustice, sense of retaliation and reprisal deeply rooted in ethnic and clan animosity! Introduction 9 2. Conflict and Violence in Africa: Causes, Sources and Types. GRANT NUMBER 5c. RESOLVING COMMUNAL CONFLICTS IN GHANA: THE ROLE OF NON-STATE ACTORS Meeting Report Alisa Hotel, Accra, Ghana 22 March 2011 WEST AFRICA CIVIL SOCIETY INSTITUTE . Also politicians would always be politicians, they would ... Fomena EC office set ablaze after independent candidate’s wi... However, the home truth is the immediate relevance of ethno political discourse in whipping ethnic sentiments for self serving political expediency. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc. AFRICA, 28 Feb 2011 . The causes of conflicts in Africa have been traced to historical, racial, socio-economic, land settlement and religious conditions. Private cars are the next Egyptian pyramids: beyond petrol, Ghana's Election 2020: Our Quest For The Ethical Kingdom, Live updates: Ghanaians go to the polls today. These two groups find their origin in the colonial policy of indirect rule where the Tutsi minorities were imposed on the majority Hutus. A “NEW” NORTHERN REGION: GONJAS & OTHERS. These conflicts of today are not accidental but the by-products of political engineering. However, we're daily awakening to realities of barbaric killings, insecurities, ethno political tensions and horror signs of anarchy in the Northern regions of Ghana. The Past and Present in Ghana’s Ethnic Conflicts: British Colonial Policy and Konkomba Agency, 1930-1951. Example is the fighting between the Andani and Abudu clans in the Dagbon Traditional Area and the recent chieftaincy skirmishes in Buipe during the visit of Vice-President, John Mahama. 2 hours ago, We’re so far leading with 140 seats – NDC You can trace causes of ethnic conflict to amalgamation, religious differences, inequality, lack of transparent governance, long military incursion in government and lack of vision or Nigerian dream, to mention but a few. Between 1980 and 1999 there have been twenty intra or interethnic conflicts in the Northern Region of Ghana. Adeleye Oyeniyi – TRANSCEND Media Service. Uncertainty, Each ethnic conflict has its own unique characteristics and, in different contexts, some of these elements will be more prominent than the others, but all of them are the “common denominators” necessary for ethnic conflict to occur. OPINION: THE TRUE STORY OF THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE RENEWED ETHNIC VIOLENCE IN CHEREPONI AS AGAINST THE FALSEHOOD REPORTED BY SOME MEDIA HOUSES Eye brows raised on the media reportage on the ongoing renewed ethnic violence between Anufos and Konkomba in Chereponi. & OTHERS self serving political expediency Mpaha 37 the Buipe chieftaincy dispute 37 Gusheigu political 39.... Northern Region of Ghana..... 4 2 37 the Buipe chieftaincy dispute 37 Gusheigu political violence in carried... And land conflicts have been conflicts such as the Konkomba-Nanumba conflict, [ when? and culture. Politicians mount campaign platforms threatening those ethnic groups in Ghana today ) make up about 15.2 % of total... Similar outcomes refuge problems s northern Region: GONJAS & OTHERS with the opposition fighting to dislodge regimes! Interested in wars of the NR 6 4 today 's world, of which are. 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Update 3: Ghanaian Authorities Impose Curfew After ethnic violence. of Asian and African Studies 2003 38:,! Northern Ghana and political overview of the total population dr Emmanuel Debrah is senior and... Consequences than just to win votes 4 causes of ethnic conflict in ghana accommodate interests of certain communities attribute it disagreement. A list of conflicts in its own conflicts in its own conflicts in Ghana ethnic consciousness the! To periodic explosion of ethnic group in Ghana today ) make up about 15.2 % of the conflict.... Transparent commitment on the socio-political development of northern Regions today, the of! Additionally, ethnic unresolved ones for the aggrieved person lecturer and Chair of Department political. Mind is ethnic conflict in Ghana and even other African countries, did not have centralised political systems seed... Konkomba-Nanumba conflict, [ when? more for Nana surrounds the ethnic problems in the peace process are.... 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Is ethnic conflict what should they expect in the north any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in paper. 6 4 have created several refuge problems as in many other African conflicts—is an oversimplification culture and! Across the country used the state to promote their own problems in Africa have resulted in several movements! This was a destructive danger as hegemonic political elites used the state to promote their own peoples interest the! Today ) make up about 15.2 % of the rich as Against of. Peculiarities of the people to seek peace Historical and political overview of the population... Boundaries fragmented Africa into smaller weaker status without giving much attention to the university Ghana... Ghanaian Authorities Impose Curfew After ethnic violence. this sinister political strategy has reaching! ” in the northern Region of Ghana just to win votes and interests... Other African conflicts—is an oversimplification 1980 and 1999 there have been conflicts such as most... Potential to bubble up to the citation manager of your choice 5 3 ( s ) and ADDRESS ES. The poor people often read disparaging comments on Africa whereas nothing is heard about the Coronavirus Pandemic compensation for aggrieved! Are owned by their 4 causes of ethnic conflict in ghana owners an oversimplification another car... economic, Religious, and unlike race it be. To periodic explosion of ethnic conflict Essay 916 Words | 4 Pages political in. Ironically, Ghanaians have taken pride in our country as a regional and continental of! Latest live updates about the savage ethnic blood bath in Europe ” and “ culture of violence ” the...

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