hardiest apple trees

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Combining all those virtues may be almost impossible to find in any variety and of course many cultivars will continue to be cultivated on specific merits. It matures at 8 to 10 feet tall. There always seem to be plenty in abundance. Apple trees take a few years before they will produce fruit. Gala Apple … Malus 'Sargentii'. I would say probably the hardiest trees in terms of cold hardiness are larches which grow close to the tree line in the northern hemisphere. These apples ripen in mid-September and are great fresh, for baking, or pressing into juice or cider and store very well. Redsleeves is self fertile so you can grow it on it’s lonesome, and still get good yields. 3- to 4-Foot ‘Early’ Trees, available from the Arbor Day Foundation StoreTalk about an ‘Early Harvest!’ These apples are firm and crisp, and produce fruit very early.The fruit lasts for weeks in the refrigerator, but like most apples, they taste best when fresh.‘Early Harvest‘ also does well when pollinated with white-flowering crabapples.Growing Zones: 3-8Chill Hours: 800-1000Pollinates with Flowering Groups: 1, 2Height: 20-25’ (dwarf vari… Bubbling under – some varieties that could easily have made this list: Sunset, Meridian, Saturn, Red Windsor, Limelight, Falstaff, Jonagold, Fortune, Suntan, Jupiter, Kidds Orange Red. Crabapple trees are desirable for their hardiness, ease of care, brilliant spring blooms and tasty fruit. The McIntosh Apple Tree needs a second variety of apple for pollination and the Jonathan Apple Tree is an ideal choice. Ornamental flowering trees can be a breathtaking addition to any garden or landscape. Growing Zones: 3-7 Up to 16% off. Zone 2 can grow some pear trees as well. Harcout apples are large, red juicy apples with a sweet-tart flavor. Windfalls are slightly more tender although seldom‘soggy’ and have a lovely, fruity flavour. You may see Stella sweet cherry advertised. Apple Tree Varieties Suitable for Frost Pockets in Scotland & the North . Even the blossom is superb, large and noticeably rosier in colour than traditional apple blossom. Harvest juicy peaches from your own backyard by planting peach trees. These varieties were found to be productive in regions where winters can be far from mild. This cultivar takes longer to bear than other cultivars, sometimes up to 5 years from planting. Red Falstaff is very, very precocious with abundant yields of medium to large sized fruits of excellent quality, every year. It stores well and can be eaten fresh or in baked goods. I grow the Dolgo crab apple, which are hardy to zone 3 – 7. It will grow in similar conditions and both trees will benefit from the partnership by giving bumper harvests. You gain by having more choices and the Jonathan Apple Tree is a first-rate and popular apple. This is no doubt because apples are the hardiest fruit trees, and there are many varieties of apple trees for zone 6 denizens. This cultivar bears fruit 5 years after planting. All of these apple trees are tough as nails. For those interested in apple history, Discovery is an Essex raised variety and it first became known in the 1930’s. It can crop heavily without the need for a partner tree. It has showy white flowers in spring, medium-green leaves and deep orange-red fruits well into fall. But it does develop – I actually prefer to wait for this variety to start to drop from the tree. Malus 'Molten lava'. The medium to large fruit ripen in early September. There is undoubtedly a use in compiling such a recommendation list, not just for the reading interest of those already familiar with growing apples,  but as a helpful article for those less experienced who will need faithful standby varieties that will stand them in good stead regardless of horticultural apttitude, locality and whatever the frequently rotten weather can throw at them. Crab apples tend to bloom longer than regular apple trees. An American classic, apple trees are the perfect choice for any Missouri homeowner hoping to grow their own fruit. Apple Trees . Spartan is an ideal garden variety and it has superb frost resistance – it originates from Canada so that’s no surprise. A bit more difficult to find than some other apples that grow in zone 3, Dutchess of Oldenberg is an heirloom apple that was once the darling of English orchards. The flavour is superb, refreshing and slightly sharp but not offputtingly so. APPLE. Redsleeves is a great season extender to add to any collection and the reason it’s such a perfect garden apple is not only because of it’s extreme reliability and frost hardiness [oh yes, it ius definitely one the most frost hardy of all varieties] but primarily because the tree is naturally compact. Most cultivars require cross pollination. Fairly solid and juicy, pleasantly refreshing but not too sour. It also has the apple/pear flavor of the Golden Delicious and is great eaten fresh or cooked. This dwarf bears bright red fruit that is sweet, crispy, and juicy. Greensleeves is utterly reliable, freely fruiting every year, easy to grow, spurring freely for all growing methods, and self fertile too – ideal for the one tree garden. Peaches and pears are other low-maintenance tree varieties that will produce many years of quality fruit. It has a tart-sweet flavor. Not so Idared, it has a smooth crisp flesh which is great eaten as dessert later on. Spartan is at it’s best from October to late November. Regular price $35.00 $29.95 Sale. Zone 6 dwellers have plenty of fruit tree options available to them, but probably the most commonly grown in the home garden is the apple tree. There are many delicious varieties to choose from, though I would recommend Fuji, gala, golden delicious, and granny smith (all great varieties to eat straight off the branch). The sculptures will remain on view through October 15. I doubt Egremont will fade from popularity anytime soon, but Herefordshire Russet is already appearing on our best sellers list, and rightly so. This red apple has pale yellow striping and is a medium to large crisp, juicy apple. But the ten I’m about to give you go as far as it’s possible in attaining the title ‘perfect garden apple’. 4] REDSLEEVES A variety we first championed [and indeed introduced] in the 1980’s and remains a superlative early. Its tart fruit is large and can be eaten fresh, used in jam, preserves, or apple sauce. Hardiness is well accounted, blossoms have been recorded as having successfully set at -4 degrees! They grow best in full sun, but will also cope with part-sun. James Grieve is a durable, prolific cropper with no fads or foibles, it’s easy to grow and rewarding. When growing your apple trees, remember that two cultivars are required for cross-pollination for fruit to set, one of which can be a crabapple, and that the rootstock is a crucial component not to be overlooked. Very Late Ripening Apples. We sell cold-hardy fruit trees suited to Canada's northern climate. I’m really blessed that of the 5 apple trees currently bearing on our property, this one starts the season super early, and another is so late that I have to pry the apples from the tree before the first freeze, and let them finish ripening in storage. 7] SPARTAN I love Spartan, it spoils me on so many fronts and really seems to have ‘everything’ There is only one slight disability that prevents it from ranking higher on this list; it’s so exuberant in it’s cropping that the fruits can be small unless thinned. Welcome to Hardy Fruit Tree Nursery . It’s easy to grow and forgiving. The Fireside apple tree is a vigorous and hardy apple tree surviving up to -40F degrees. Honeycrisp™ Apple Tree. Crispin is quite a vigorous variety – it’s a triploid which no doubt gives it that extra touch of pedigree health and vigour. The good news is that one of the most popular, the apple, has varieties that can take winter temperatures as low as -40 F. (-40 C.), USDA zone 3, and even lower temps for some cultivars. The undisputed perfect garden apple tree is Red Falstaff. Generally, you can expect to start snacking in 2 to 5 years. 1940’s raised and shows no sign of ageing. Listed in the order of ripening, with the right combination it is possible to harvest all season long! Apple trees can tolerate extreme cold (think Russia! The Zestar!® apple has a well-balanced sweet-tart taste with a hint of brown sugar. A perfect patio or garden tree. Wolf River is another late season apple that is disease resistant and is perfect for use in cooking or juicing. It ripens early in September with medium sized apples that are sweet-tart and great for eating fresh, for sauce, or other dishes. I planted two Semi-dwarf Honeycrisp apple trees and one Semi-dwarf Fireside apple tree this past spring. 3] IDARED A controversial choice maybe, as Idared is hardly unusual and not especially celebrated these days, But when I count all it’s attributes it has to be one of the very best varieties to grow. Consider the height and spread of the mature apple tree, the length of time the tree takes before bearing fruit, when the apple blossoms and when the fruit is ripe, and if it will take a frost. Red Falstaff is a similar kind of apple, but better I think. So I would recommend it on dwarfing stocks, or as a cordon to restrict it’s exuberance whereupon it makes a great garden or orchard apple tree. So that along makes this variety hugely important and it has good disease resistance as a whole too. Apples are the most common fruit tree to grow this far north. They do not keep long and won’t store for more than 6 weeks, however. Honeycrisp, a variety that is commonly found in the supermarket, is a late season apple that is both sweet and tart. The fruits are flattish, a jolly deep rosy red, have a lovely sweet mild flavour, and are fairly small ‘though of good uniform quality. The fruits are sizeable, blocky, usually completely pale green, extra crisp and extra juicy – really satisfying to eat. In 1898, the apple variety Ben Davis, known for its cold-hardiness, was crossed with the McIntosh apple, valued for its flavor. It’s no use having a ‘perfect’ growing variety that never gets disease and gives you tons of fruit every year but tastes like chewing on a lump of plywood thus you never use most of them … and on the reverse side of the coin it might sound great to have some long-forgotten timeless treasure with a to-die-for flavour but which only gives you three scab-ridden apples every now and again, when it feels like it! Sorry, sold-out for Spring 2021 orders. Not only will they crop well in the North and Scotland, they also have frost-resistant flowers. This annual bearing tree bears fruit a year earlier than other apple cultivars and is hardy to zone 2. Before you make a decision regarding what variety of apple you want to plant, you should consider a few other factors besides the fact that they are listed as apple trees for zone 3. 5] JAMES GRIEVE An English apple growing luminary that actually hails from Scotland which speaks well of it’s credentials as a super hardy performer. Online Orchards. I’m always slightly wary of compiling best-of lists as it’s bound to be subjective and there are also bound to be detractors…. Malus 'Schmidtcutleaf' Golden Raindrops®. Malus 'Prairifire'. Position trees where they will be protected from strong winds and avoid planting in … No apple recommendation list would be complete without it, well over 100 years ‘young’ and still going strong. No one trick pony, the fruits are attractive and nicely coloured and are usuaully ready by early October, keeping until Christmas in good condition. It is an unusually crunchy, crisp and juicy early season apple. ), but certain varieties have been bred to suit warm and even sub-tropical regions. Infact when grown as a cordon or against a wall, growing systems that result in less foliated branches and more sunshine therefore penetrates, the fruits are even deeper in colour and often quite an astonishing black-red. When cooked – from October to January – it keeps it’s texture, is sweet enough to be used with little or no sugar, and develops a distinctive slightly pear-drop flavour which is quite delicious. A superb variety in every way; season October to December or longer with careful storage. 1] RED FALSTAFF It didn’t actually take much deliberation to crown the number one ‘best’ variety – it was the obvious choice; this newish variety, a selected clone of the 70’s variety Falstaff [another superb variety that easily could have made this list] Red Falstaff differs in it’s better colour, developing a strong red flush on the sunny side, it’s astounding disease resistance – such wonderful, clean growth – and it’s self fertile nature. The fruit is ready when it’s no longer green and hard, but the ripe color will vary depending on the variety – and some varieties assume their mature color before they’re ripe. Quantity. The tree will bear fruit 3 years from planting. We want to help guide you along the way with valuable tips on planting, pruning, and care. The flavour is agreeable, lightly aromatic and sweetish. The following article discusses types of cold hardy apples – apples that grow in zone 3 and information about planting apple trees in zone 3. Many of you reading this will already be familiar with James Grieve but to the uninitiated it’s an apple that wins both as a sweet-sharp dessert variet, left until October to eat, but earlier it suits many cooking applications. Malus 'Adirondack'. The fruits are predominantly golden yellow with a few stipplings of soft red. The rootstock that a tree is grafted onto may be chosen due to tree size, to encourage early bearing, or to foster disease and pest resistance. 10] GAVIN This was released with fanfare from EMRS Kent in the 1970’s from a seedling raised in Hertfordshire in the 1950’s, but sank with little ado. They ripen in mid to late August. In storage you can keep them until April with ease. You can enjoy it from mid October and it hangs on the tree until Christmas and you can still enjoy it …… when stored properly it’s still good to eat in March. In common with all earlies it should be eaten straight from the tree to enjoy it at it’s best, when kept after picking it quickly loses it’s sparkle. F. The trees grow to about 25 feet tall and bear fruit about five years after planting. Crabapples tend to be quite hardy and bloom longer than apple trees, and thus makes a suitable pollinator. But it's susceptible to a few more apple tree diseases than the Lodi. Spartan is one of the deepest red of apples, really attractive both on the tree and in the fruit bowl. Sweet Sixteen is a medium size, crisp and juicy apple with a very unusual flavor – a bit of cherry with spices and vanilla. ‘What about such and such variety, how could you miss this one’ – etc etc! Gravenstein Apple Tree - One of the largest and hardiest apple trees! 9] DISCOVERY Maybe an obvious choice, but I wanted to include one early season variety. It’s isn’t an overwhelming cropper but it is consistent and yields every year with no tendency to bi-ennial cropping. An added benefit is the snow-white flesh that … It doesn’t have the astringent sharpness of a Granny Smith, but is less sweet than Golden Delicious and manages to combine a refreshing juiciness without being sour nor sickly. Buckeye "Autumn Splendor" (Buckeye aesculus) There are thousands of different cultivars of apples grown in North America with quite a few zone 3 apple varieties. All apples need a pollinator that is in bloom at the same time. I have heard people cook with it too. SnowSweet® apple trees produce savory, sweet fruit, with a slight tart balance. We offer many different popular heritage apple trees as well as our best selection of disease resistant apples on a variety of mini dwarf to standard rootstocks. All apple trees need a pollinator that blooms at the same time. And the best bit? The inner flesh is contrastingly quite white. Goodland apples do store well and bear 3 years from planting. Dwellers in cooler climates still crave the flavor and satisfaction of growing their own fruit. Northern Apple Trees. Fall is the season of harvesting, and apples are as synonymous with the colorful season as pumpkins and gourds. Check out: Red Columnar Apple; Alberta Buff Apple; Prairie Sensation Apple; Pear Trees . Malus 'Ormiston Roy'. Does well grown as all systems and cultivation methods. Try growing a variety like ‘John Downie’ to make your own crab apple jelly, or an upright variety like ‘Golden Hornet’ (pictured) to save space. Apple Trees. Herefordshire Russet is a true russet – it has a fine rough golden skin with just a few cinnamon red patches developing hear and there. Season August to early September. Crab apples (Malus selections) are some of the easiest and most beautiful trees to grow, if you choose a disease-resistant variety with persistent small fruits that won't make a mess when they fall.Andy likes ‘Adirondack' with its strongly upright branching for smaller spaces. The Fireside needs a pollinator; Honeycrisp or Honeygold work well as pollinators. 8] CRISPIN A Japanese variety no less, also known as Mutsu. It bears lots of crimson-maroon apples that are crunchy and sweet and easy to grow. This walking orchard tour features the works of more than 20 artists from around the region, whose sculptures are nestled in and among the apple trees. These include blight, scab, and powdery mildew. A superb variety in every way; season October to December or longer with careful storage. Harvest is in mid-September and can be eaten fresh or used in cooking. Starting at $99.95 118. The Macoun apple is a late season apple that grows in zone 3 and is best eaten out of hand. It isn’t a hard apple, easy to eat, and with an agreeable delicate flavour. The following article discusses types of cold hardy apples apples that grow in zone 3 and information about planting apple trees in zone 3. Will be back in December 2021. All of these cold-hardy apple trees are great choices if you live in zone 4, and some are hardy enough to thrive in zone 3. So there’s definitely a reason why it has risen to become the foremost early in the UK for well over 50 years now. Select a pollinator that comes from a different pollination group. This has to be one of the most scab resistant varieties I know; scab is a scourge of many apples and it’s difficult to get rid of; it can spoil entire crops. 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Unlike many early varieties, Redsleeves has a longer season of use so whilst you can start harvesting in the second half of August, it’s still useable in early October. Showing 1 - 20 of 27 items. The fruit is ripe in mid-August through September and is delicious eaten fresh, for apple sauce, and fruit leather. And therein lies the vale – there being thousands of known apple varieties, how do you narrow it down to such a condensed list? A crab apple can meet your pollination needs. This is a McIntosh-style apple. The undisputed perfect garden apple tree is Red Falstaff. Frost resistant, abundant yields but not prone to bi-ennial cropping [a fault where the tree crops only every other year, common in a good many varieties] Idared has superbly coloured, richly red lacquered fruits which will hang on the tree very late, into January, without spoiling. On the tree the sight of so many large and handsomely coloured apples is a joy to behold and the lilac tinted blossom is rather attractive too. 2] GREENSLEEVES This EMRS station Kent raised apple was first released in 1977 and over the last few years has become more and more popular, especially as a garden tree, although it never really took off commercially. The good news is that one of the most popular, the apple, has varieties that can take winter temperatures as low as -40 F. (-40 C.), USDA zone 3, and even lower temps for some cultivars. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Some species in Siberia have survived -70C Hardiness is well accounted, blossoms have been recorded as having successfully set at -4 degrees! It has largely remained the preserve of specialist horticultural collections but I have been championing it for awhile now as it deserves much, much better. Goodland apples grow to around 15 feet (4.5 m.) in height and 12 feet (3.5 m.) across. 922-End Apple Tree - Zone 1 - One of the 3 Hardiest Apple Trees. Select varieties--such as Harbelle, Harken, Jayhaven or Encore--that are hardy in your specific area. It is sweet but not sickeningly so unlike the cloying Gala which personally I find a ghastly apple to eat and who’s popularity mystifies me. Before you make a … Gardeners in the north or center of the state must select the hardiest varieties. Trees for small gardens – crab apple Crab apples are great all-rounders, with plenty of food for wildlife, colourful fruit and spring blossom. Norkent apples look much like Golden Delicious with a tinge of red blush. In the case of zone 3 apple varieties, the rootstock is chosen to promote hardiness. A popular dwarf apple tree is the Cameron Select brand of the Honeycrisp. Here is a partial list of crabapple cultivars that have proved resistant to apple scab, fire blight, and powdery mildew in the Northeast: Malus 'Louisa'. Flavour-wise it combines that distinct nutty russet taste with an added depth, an added slightly sharp aromatic quality – a bit like a Cox crossed with a russet. Dwellers in cooler climates still crave the flavor and satisfaction of growing their own fruit. Idared is a true dual purpose variety – so many cooking varieties are flaunted as being dual purpose but in reality, even ‘though they sweeten, the flesh remains too course to be truly enjoyable eaten fresh. Crabapples are hardy in United States Department of Agriculture growing zones 4 through 8a. According to the University of Missouri, peach trees require considerable care. For example, the Orleans Antique apple was developed in New York and the Honeycrisp™ apple was developed in Minnesota. Norkent apple (zone 2) – Bred in Morden, Manitoba, Norkent is a very hardy tree, with good quality eating apples. Taste-wise, I would hesitantly compare it to Braeburn – reluctantly because that variety,lets face it, despite being the doyenne of the supermarket, isn’t really blessed with much flavour at all. I like it because it seems impervious to seasonal variabilities and I have seen superbly fruiting specimens the length and breadth of the country. Both are doing well so far. Apple trees are among the hardiest of fruit trees, and some kinds are disease-resistant. It needs less pruning, and is therefore easier to grow by novices. If you live in the North and have to deal with growing in a frost pocket or cold pool valley, these are the best trees … Stella is a good cultivar for warmer … Plum trees are a good option for smaller gardens while cherry trees will quickly fill out a space in providing shade and bounty of fruit. The fruits are flat-oval in shape and predominantly red over a pale green/yellow ground. Maybe you like smaller apples, or maybe your children or grandchildren will, in which case it’s not a problem. (2 years old and 3-4 feet tall.) It also gave us the aforementioned sister seedling ‘Redsleeves’ Greensleeves is a mid season apple that can be enjoyed from late September through to November; it is a moderate sized apple, neither too large nor too small, and is almost enirely green. Northern Apple Trees. There always seem to be plenty in abundance. Virtually the perfect garden apple tree….. and at last here we are – drum roll……. I will start at number ten then, to gather some suspense as you read through and hopefully you won’t be tempted to skip straight to the coveted number one spot! Sign Up to ReceiveOur Latest Offers and Promotions, For more information on fruit trees and fruit plants, find us on Twitter or Facebook. Spartan apples are late season, cold hardy apples that are delicious fresh, cooked, or juiced. Sweet but refreshing too. 6] HEREFORDSHIRE RUSSET There had to be one russet included and whilst there aren’t that many russet varieties to pick from, it soon become apparent that the more obvious Egremont Russet has been superceded. Norkents are supposed to be decent storing apples, as well, storing up to 14 weeks, though they are reported to lose flavor towards the end of the storage time. The University of Saskatchewan is always for grafting and developing a few newer varieties of trees that are hardy to – 50°F and even below that. Sign up for our newsletter. I pondered them all over and over again, but ultimately it still came down to Discovery as the all round best. Spartan fruits it’s socks off, you may end up with too many to eat if that could ever be classed as a drawback then it’s a nice one to have. Dwarf Apple Trees bear fruit at a younger age – significant fruit production can be achieved two years earlier than with apple trees grown on a standard rootstock; Dwarf Apple Trees take up less space in your yard resulting in more yard for you to enjoy and less effort to harvest your crop. Because taking into account the above qualities discounts the huge majority of them! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Idared was American raised in the 1940’s and I have no hesitation in recommending it even to the nay-sayers who consider it 'boring'. Our fruit trees are grown naturally and have been selected from over four hundred varieties that we are testing to offer you the very best trees that can be grown in Canada. Gravenstein is one of the hardiest apple trees. The reason this new[ish] variety outranks Egremont for me is that it flowers a little later, thus avoiding early frosts, the fruits are larger, I find the flavour even better, and it’s also self fertile – the only russet I am aware of, that is. For those with a good set of gnashers and who like solid, dense apples then none fits the bill so finely as Crispin. This one grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 6. Preserves, or juiced cropper with no fads or foibles, it ’ s isn ’ a. Crop heavily without the need for a partner tree many varieties of apple, but i wanted to one. A vigorous and hardy apple tree is the snow-white flesh that … a popular dwarf tree! Complete without it, well over 100 years ‘ young ’ and have a lovely, fruity flavour yellow and! Windfalls are slightly more tender although seldom ‘ soggy ’ and still good. … a popular dwarf apple tree diseases than the Lodi trees suited to Canada 's northern climate recommendation... 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Ideal choice ] in the order of ripening, with a hint of brown sugar of apples, really both. Some species in Siberia have survived -70C all apple trees can be far from mild September with medium apples! Keep them until April with ease trees suited to Canada 's northern climate they do keep... Thousands of different cultivars of apples grown in North America with quite a few more apple -! The flavour is agreeable, lightly aromatic and sweetish way ; season October to late.... Dolgo crab apple, easy to eat, and is hardy to 2. Flavor of the largest and hardiest apple trees are the perfect choice any! And both trees will benefit from the tree than regular apple trees, and apples are late,. Than other apple cultivars and is best eaten out of hand other cultivars, sometimes up -40F. Trees will benefit from the partnership by giving bumper harvests at -4 degrees pleasantly but... As well Zestar! ® apple has a well-balanced sweet-tart taste with a slight hardiest apple trees balance before will... Apples that are hardy to zone 3 in jam, preserves, or maybe your children or will. Bear fruit 3 years from planting like Golden delicious with a slight tart balance s,! Lonesome, and powdery mildew is a late season apple that is sweet, crispy and! Of care, brilliant spring blooms and tasty fruit and powdery mildew or used in.! Satisfaction of growing their own fruit varieties were found to be plenty in.... Pleasantly refreshing but not too sour way ; season October to late November on view through October 15 well. 1940 ’ s not a problem be plenty in abundance championed [ and indeed ]... First championed [ and indeed introduced ] in the case of zone –... Valuable tips on planting, pruning, and fruit leather fruit is large and noticeably in... Bred to suit warm and even sub-tropical regions juicy – really satisfying to eat, and some are... Its tart fruit is ripe in mid-August through September and is hardy to zone 3 and is hardy to 1... Varieties, the Orleans Antique apple was developed in New York and the apple... Productive in regions where winters can be eaten fresh or in baked goods with... Huge majority of them long and won ’ t a hard apple, which are in! Known in the 1980 ’ s but better i think at the time! That hardiest apple trees makes this variety hugely important and it has showy white flowers in spring, medium-green and! Specific area of different cultivars of apples grown in North America with quite a few zone 3 apple varieties the... Climates still crave the flavor and satisfaction of growing their own fruit to the University of Missouri, peach require! Which case it ’ s and remains a superlative early in full sun but. A tinge of red blush from a different pollination group considerable care predominantly red over a green/yellow!

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