importance of mangroves in maintaining coastal ecology

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This causes resuspension of the sediment and makes the water turbid. Wide, elongated, dense, and mature mangrove forests growing along the shoreline can help to reduce the devastating impact of a tsunami and storm surge by decreasing their wave energies. Read about the Mangrove importance, cover and conservation in India. Ecology of Mangroves. (Answer in 150 words) LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH: This is a direct question asking you to discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and their importance in maintaining coastal ecology. Planners, scientists, and coastal dwellers have now come to value them as the remarkably diverse and important ecosystems they are. According to Floyd (1977), Cragg (1983) and Pajimans (1976), there are 33 known species of mangroves in Papua New Guinea coastlines, estuaries and deltas, 31 of which are found in the Gulf of … In coastal areas erosion can be a severe problem, with normal wave action and storms washing away large amounts of land. "Mangroves are salt-tolerant trees that grow in coastal areas of tropical and subtropical regions where rivers empty into the ocean" (Kraynak & Tetrault, 2003). Mangrove forests are incredibly important ecosystems. Much of the information summarized here is expanded upon in greater detail in subsequent … By filtering coastal waters, mangroves form a nutrient-rich breeding ground for numerous species that thrive above and below the waterline. Introduction to Mangroves What are mangroves? Discuss the distribution of Mangroves in India and their causes of depletion of Mangroves. From their web site: Marine Ecology Consulting is Fiji and the South Pacific’s leading company for Coastal and Marine Ecology Assessments as part of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), as well as offering marine conservation and management advice, educational courses and opportunities, and tourism-based marine programmes. This unit introduces students to the mangrove – a rare and threatened ecosystem. Fish communities associated with coral reefs worldwide are threatened by habitat degradation and overexploitation. They occur worldwide in the tropics and subtropics, mainly between latitudes 25° N and 25° S. Mangroves are restricted mainly to the tropical areas as they cannot tolerate the extreme cold events typical of the … Lamu holds 60% of Kenya’s mangroves. Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology. Home; About Us; Practice Areas; Gallery; Blog; Cases; Contact; environmental importance of mangroves Caribbean mangroves have declined by approximately 24% over the last quarter-century, largely as a result of different forms of coastal development, pollution and human exploitation. It provides a brief overview of how mangroves evolved, their geographical distribution, importance to humans and coastal ecology, and global status and threats. Despite increasing awareness regarding value and importance, the destruction of mangrove forest continues to take place in many parts of the world … Mangroves are salt tolerant trees, also called halophytes, and are adapted harsh coastal conditions. Unit 1: Introduction to Mangroves. Download Mangroves notes PDF for UPSC 2020. Discovery of the importance of mangroves in the marine food chain dramatically changed the respective governmental regulation of coastal land use and development. ECOLOGY. Mangrove vegetation … Harvested for durable, water-resistant wood, mangroves have been used in building houses, boats, pilings, and furniture. Allocating forests to communities with knowledge in mangrove management allows them to be active in the process of conservation. Mangroves provide several ecological and socio-economic services to coastal communities valued at US$ 292,000/ha (UNEP 2007). The mangrove, seagrass and coral reef ecosystems are of paramount ecological importance but have already undergone great degradation, which is advancing at an alarming rate. These humble trees that line huge swaths of the peninsula are the cornerstone that holds the Florida coastal and ocean environment together. They grow in a variety of depths of salt water, their roots sticking up out of the mud, with fish, crustaceans and a host of other species living between tree trunks. Mangroves are plants or plant communities between the sea and the land in areas inundated by tides, usually at the mean high water level. The Philippines is known to be one of the mangrove biodiversity centers in the world (next to Indonesia). Our team of ecologists and marine scientists at marine ecology … The present publication on the Ecology and Biology of Mangroves written by Drs V Selvam & V M Karunagaran is a timely publication, since there is growing public and political awareness of the importance of mangrove wetlands in preserving the ecological security of coastal areas and the livelihood security of coastal … Q. Coastal communities know their needs, challenges and traditional ways of maintaining mangrove forests. Healthy mangrove forests are key to a healthy marine ecology. The defoliation of extensive mangrove areas in Viet Nam (87) has raised mordant questions concerning the socioeconomic … ... • Increase awareness about the ecology of mangrove and beach forest ecosystems and their importance Research and studies have placed mangroves among the most important ecosystems on our planet. Mangroves and coastal wetlands annually sequester carbon at a rate two to four times greater than mature tropical forests and store three to five times more carbon per equivalent area than tropical forests. They make up a transitional zone between land and sea anchoring shorelines while buffering coastal ecosystems against … Mangroves, as well as estuaries and salt marshes, are coastal habitats that form … They are also important nursery areas … Mangrove Ecology. Our results illustrate the importance of mangroves in maintaining coastal OC storage, but also indicate that the impacts of vegetation change on OC storage may vary based on ecosystem conditions, organic‐matter sources, and the relative spatiotemporal scales of mangrove vegetation change. … This unit introduces students to the mangrove - a rare and threatened ecosystem. The largest mangrove forest in the world is Sundarban Mangrove Forest. In other parts of the world, people have utilized mangrove trees as a renewable resource. Mangroves are utilized in many parts of the world as a renewable resource. A huge variety of wildlife lives or breeds in the mangrove ecosystem, including numerous fish, crab and shrimp species, molluscs, and mammals like sea turtles. ECOLOGY OF MANGROVES 41 sive utilization efforts in the tropical Americas, suggesting a pantropical economic importance of mangroves larger than might be surmised from the available litera-ture. Mangroves in India are 3 percent of its total geographical area. On the island of Isabela, the area of wetlands called Los Humedales is a collection of trails over an area of 6km. Explain their importance in maintaining the coastal Ecology. The wetlands of Isabela are the most extensive in the Archipelago, contributing significantly to the biodiversity as they are home to several endemic and native species that depend exclusively on the wetlands in order to … Mangals are highly biodiverse habitats that host a large variety of unique organisms from barnacles and oysters to fiddler crabs, mudskippers or even near-endemics like Costa Rica’s Mangrove Hummingbird or PNG’s Sheathtail Bat and various birds. Q5. Mangroves serve as an essential nursery for coastal and offshore fisheries, provide an array of ... governing bodies place greater importance on the conservation and restoration of these valuable forests. I. … Because of this, light can not penetrate enough in the water and causes in this way damage to mangroves. Fallen leaves and branches from mangroves contribute to the forest detritus and provide nutrients for the marine environment. shailendrakala18@gmail.com 0291-2435143 . 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