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The Gothic Revival style homes were first introduced in the 1880s. Optional or less defining characteristics include a porch, stained glass, a small round "peep" window on the front, spindles, pointed arches. You will see no evidence of single-story Victorian homes. The Victorian era roughly corresponds to the time when Queen Victoria ruled Britain (1837 to 1901). But perhaps the most striking feature of a Second Empire house is its mansard roof, which is named after the 17th century French architect, Francois Mansart. A variety of Victorian styles emerged: Gothic Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Stick Style, and many others. The Stick style house dates back to 1860 and is characterized by its vertical, diagonal, or horizontal planks that resemble Tudor style buildings. The following characteristics are typically found in a Victorian style home: Narrow and Tall. Bricks were made in factories some distance away, to standard sizes, rather than the earlier practice of digging clay locally and making bricks on site. Decorative railings and turned posts were typical of these Victorian porches that usually wrapped around at least two sides of the house. They are imposing and are always at least two to three stories in height. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',139,'0','0'])); Steve is the chief editor of Homenish. What distinguishes a Second Empire style house from an Italianate is its high mansard roof. Since Victorian houses are built to impress, their hallways usually lead to grand staircases with wrought iron railings. Despite their misleading name, Shingle style houses are actually made from clapboard or brick. The Octagon style built on the Italianate, Greek and Gothic Revival traditions to create a distinctive approach to architecture characterized by its light, airy feel and reliance on new innovations to create well-lit, economical dwellings renewed for the practicality and energy efficiency. Want to know how to recognize a Queen Anne style house? He has keen eyes on all things interior design and realized that there was a lack of sound and practical knowledge about home decor/interior design. The style gained popularity between 1810-1910 as an affordable alternative to the pricier Queen Anne and Second Empire styles of design. Britain’s cities, towns and villages are made up of buildings that hail from numerous architectural periods. Thick porch posts and decorative, half timbered gables are the two defining features of this sub-style. One of the most dramatic of all the Victorian era styles is the Richardsonian Romanesque. It is these features that give a house that extra charm and character. Victorian homes boast of distinctively designed windows that come in various shapes and sizes. In the United Kingdom and former British colonies, a Victorian house generally means any house built during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). The Italianate Style has its origins in the picturesque movement of the UK, an idea built around creating buildings fully in sync with their natural surrounds. But there’s a lot more to Victorian design than fancy metalwork, as we’ll go on to discover. Required fields are marked *. Interior surfaces were adorned with fleur-de-lys, medallions, arches, ovals, garlands and wreaths. They are the classic representations of romantic and picturesque architectural elements that manifested in America. Thus, the Victorian Gothic Revival style homes set itself different with medieval architecture like high pointed arches, biblical & heraldic emblem, etc. Homenish.com, All Rights Reserved. The architects of the Victorian era had the privilege of what few of their predecessors had: access to new technologies, affordable materials, improved availability and mass-transit. Victorian style in its early years can surely be defined as innovative. Your email address will not be published. Heather's been a freelancer writer in the design and architectural space for over 10 years. Unlike the elaborate architectural design of Second Empire and Queen Anne styles, the Stick style home lacks the bay windows and decorative ornaments that are so characteristic of the Victorian era. One of the best examples of this is the Gothic Revival style. The lacy wooden bargeboards and factory-made ornaments, on the other hand, made sure the technological advancements of the Industrial Revolution weren’t going to waste. The reform of the nation’s interiors soon spread to its exteriors; influenced by the fancy detailing, geometric lines, modest curves and light carvings of the popular new furniture, architects began to adopt the same style in their designs, turning away from the heavier, highly elaborate styles of the early Victorian period in favor of fresher, airier and although more subtle dwellings. The towers or turrets are normally turned into study rooms, libraries, or bedrooms. One of the most prominent examples of the style can be seen at Philadelphia City Hall, which features a crested mansard roof, dormers with decorative hoods and heavily ornate window surrounds. Historaical Facts About Edwardian Houses. Most Victorian houses are narrow, which allowed these impressive beauties to be built on a small amount of land. Today, intricate brackets, spindles and fancy ornaments are all emblematic of Victorian era architecture. Overview: Victorian Britain, 1837 - 1901. Buildings in this style are something similar to gingerbread houses, with lacy, decorative spindles and delicate porch posts. And let’s not forget the huge tasseled draperies that hang from ceiling to floor. Used as holiday cottages by the wealthy, these houses became popular in New England from 1831. The moment gained traction in the US thanks to the works of such architects as Henry Austin (1804-1891) and Alexander Jackson Davis (1803-1892), who borrowed heavily both from the picturesque movement and the romanticism of the Italian Renaissance era. Victorian property characteristics The Victorian era is well-known for the Industrial Revolution. Both have a robust, boxy build, and both enjoy similarly decorative features. The resulting furniture was characterized by simple, low relief carvings, moldings, incised lines, and geometric ornaments. The interior layout consists of multiple bedrooms, balconies on the second floor, and double doors. Eastlake’s book “Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery, and Other Details” contained numerous designs that were quickly taken up by others. Post- revolution, architects could rely on the mass availability (and affordability) of ornamental fitments and decorative metal work for the first time, and they didn’t hesitate in incorporating them into their designs. According to the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission, other notable characteristics of a Second Empire dwelling include elaborate detailing, rounded, arched windows with decorative surrounds and dormers, columned porches, quoins, towers, balustrades and an iron roof crest. A typical feature of Richardsonian Romanesque house includes circular arches above the porch supports or windows. These homes typically had hip or flat roofs, wooden panels, and bay windows. What some of us aren’t aware of, however, is that Victorian architecture in America isn’t limited to just one style; it’s actually a vast collection of different styles and approaches that all carry their own set of unique features and qualities. Building materials were brick or local stone. Stained glass in doorways and windows. The style is characterized by strong picturesque massing, rounded arches, short columns, solid masonry stone work, hipped roofs with gables (although mansard roofs and front gabled roof were more typically used in townhouses), decorative windows clustered in groups of three or more, and sunken doorways with arched tops, small columns and decorative trims. Cozy and compact rooms were common in floor plans of Victorian houses. Missing from a slick house are the elaborate scrolling’s, decorative ornaments or huge bay windows characteristic of Victorian era dwellings built in the Second Empire or early Queen Anne style (although some similarities with the later Queen Anne style can be found in the wrap around porches, paneled brick chimneys, and spindle detailing). Victorian refers to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-leader-2','ezslot_7',138,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-leader-2','ezslot_8',138,'0','1'])); By the end of the 19th century, a new movement in America transformed the interior and exterior designs of properties. The Richardsonian Romanesque style has to be  one of the most dramatic of all architectural styles in the Victorian era (1838). Characteristics Of Victorian Home Decor Victorian home decor exuded opulence. No garage. They are often sash or bay windows in the first and second stories with arches and decorative panels. It wasn’t long before it became popular thanks to the medieval Spanish and Italian Romanesque elements that were blended with modern materials and features. The main structure of these properties was inspired by the medieval design of churches. The features of Victorian house architecture were more eclectic and diverse in nature as opposed to owning rigid and exclusive characteristics. It’s not uncommon to see eyebrow windows with curved shapes in Victorian houses. Just like the Gothic Revival, this style of Victorian house featured romantic architectural elements that can also be seen in Italian farmhouses and villas. The pastel, Mediterranean or beach colors that are common with Victorian homes are rare for most other styles (except perhaps for tropical or beach homes). According to Thoughtco, the typical Italianate home will have a balanced, rectangular shape, 3-4 stories, overhanging eaves with ornate brackets and cornices, tall, narrow windows, heavily ornate doors, side bay windows and segmented arches above windows and doors. As the CraftsMan Blog notes, the Folk Victorian Style is the most commonly found style of historic home in the US. Characteristics of a Victorian Style House. In the US, Victorian houses didn’t take root until the 19th century, but are still highly popular to this day.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_0',129,'0','0'])); Victorian houses are typically made from stone, wood, and brick. As you can imagine from this extensive (but not exhaustive) list, the Queen Anne style is one of the more elaborate of those of the Victorian period, perfectly encapsulating the inventiveness and creativity of the architects of that era. The dining room is always decorated in a formal theme, the library is stacked with books, and the large fireplace is in the middle of the living room. The style grew to popularity thanks to the pioneering work of Henry Hobson Richardson, who took the basic elements of the medieval Romanesque architectural style and incorporated enough modern elements, materials and functionalities to create some of the most significant buildings of the 19th century. The Octagon style house is the world’s only 8-sided Victorian house design with the benefits of being a practical and energy efficient property. This unique style of house has evolved over the past decades thanks to the new construction innovations. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'homenish_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_12',132,'0','0'])); Shingle style homes are known for their simplicity and make the most popular choice for summer or weekend houses of the rich and famous. Your email address will not be published. The reform was inspired by the works of English designer Charles Eastlake, a designer that encouraged homeowners to move away from the ostentatious furniture, thick upholstery and heavy draperies that had been so popular up until that point, and fill their homes instead with well-made, attractive items from workers who displayed a pride in their work, whether they crafted by hand or by machine. Ornate decoration was in. I discussed how Victorian houses seem to maintain a great deal of character and history compared to the vast majority of houses that we build today. Sash windows (they open by sliding the window up) Homenish.Com Is A Participant In The Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, An Affiliate Advertising Program Designed To Provide A Means For Sites To Earn Advertising Fees By Advertising And Linking To Amazon.Com. More commonly found in the city than the country, Patterned Masonry Queen Anne buildings can be recognized by their attractively patterned brick, stone or terracotta masonry. The style gained traction largely as a result of the expansion of the nation’s infrastructure: architects could now rely on the railroads to transport all the machinery needed to craft the cheap, mass-produced Victorian detailing needed to transform a simple folk home into a highly ornate, unique dwelling. 4) Patterned Masonry Queen Anne. This type of roof is a 4-sided gambrel roof with two slopes on either sides, and further accentuated by dormer-style windows on a steep angle. But a Victorian style house is much more than just an elegant architecture. Flemish brick bonding. Hopefully useful. Combining medieval architecture with modern technologies and newly available materials, the style became known for its elegant recreations of Gothic buildings. On a walk through any town, you could encounter homes from the Georgian, … This Victorian style home has more of a decorative appearance but with a simple design. The era of Queen Victoria's reign (1837-1901) was a time of peace and prosperity in Great Britain. Keeping one eye on the past and the other firmly on the future is a characteristic inherent to all great architects, and all great architectural styles. Rooms were filled with dark woods, lush textiles and ample artwork. In basic terms, a mansard roof has 4 sides with each side bearing two slopes. Victorian interior design is so named for the time period in which it became popular, which was during the reign of England's Queen Victoria. The Folk Victorian style house is the most common type of home found in the US. In the last half of the 19th Century, a new movement began to sweep America that transformed the nation’s interior and exteriors. This style of Victorian house took its inspiration from the Gothic and Greek Revival times to create a unique approach to residential architecture that’s characterized by bright and airy spaces in affordable dwellings. This was the time when industrialization introduced many new architectural innovations. The Victorian essence is reflected in a somewhat busy environment designed to represent status, opulence, and romance. Of all the different architectural approaches that gained traction during the Victorian Era, there are 10 key styles that had the greatest (and most lasting) impact: Italianate, Gothic Revival, Queen Anne, Folk Victorian, Shingle, Stick, Second Empire (Mansard), Richardsonian Romanesque, Eastlake and Octagon. That's motivated him to start Homenish to help others with their home decorating & improvement projects. Characteristics of a Victorian Style House Sash Windows. This was the start of a reform, which was subsequently followed by a simple layout. Take a tour of the architectural features and decorative details characteristic of the era. It’s not uncommon to see eyebrow windows with curved shapes in Victorian houses. It later spread to the west and gained some traction in Oklahoma before diminishing in popularity at the turn of the 20th century. These types of Victorian houses often feature overhanging, second-story porches as their prominent design characteristic. Although these houses are somewhat narrow in width, they are often three stories high and imposing with textured wall surfaces that make them stand out. Moreover, in grandiose properties, intricate ceiling roses are a common feature that give a wonderful embossed effect. House fashions literally started at the dinner table. Like many homes in the Victorian era, it was covered in wooden Gothic decoration in 1850 to keep up with architecture trends. What this style lacks in decorative spindles, it makes up in classical columns, palladian windows and dentil moldings. Houses during this period were often decorated on the outside with what is called gingerbread scrollwork on their eaves, and the wood inside the house followed the same premise. When looking at Victorian era characteristics, it is important to look at all aspects of Victorian Britain. This type of Victorian house originated in France, with some of the most famous hotels featuring the same architectural elements as the Second Empire homes. This style gained popularity in the 19th century and was considered as a more affordable alternative to Queen Anne style of design. The upper story or the attic is usually a light and airy room with a high ceiling. Plain was out. The style is characterized by a rustic, informal elegance that marked a deliberate turning away from the more extravagant designs of the early Victorian period. That includes society, daily life, scientific progress and both positive and negative characteristics. Catherine Macaulay, Houzz Contributor . When the Italianate style homes were introduced to America, they were almost immediately stamped with American character, which resulted in more practical and less fanciful homes. Victorian houses were generally built in terraces or as detached houses. Queen Anne is possibly the most extravagant Victorian architectural style and is often recognized for its elaborate and bright color schemes. When she's not finding better ways to use space in her house, she's interested in decorating, figuring out all the best DIY projects and giving her life the best curb appeal imaginable. During this time, industrialization brought many innovations in architecture. Ornate trim work around the … It has its own distinct and timeless characteristics that are meant to impress the occupants…and the neighbors.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'homenish_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_9',128,'0','0'])); The following article provides an insight into what a Victorian style house is, its main features, and the different types of Victorian style houses you should know about. In its essence, the Folk Victorian Style is simply a pimped up folk home; the founders of the movement took the bare bones of a rustic folk home, added a few pretty dressings, and voila- a new style was born. Although the style was relatively short- lived, it gained enormous traction among Quakers, largely as a result of the parallel between its simple, practical take on architecture and the Quakers own approach to faith. Victoria reigned from 1837 to 1901. The Queen Anne style itself is all- encompassing term that covers 3 distinctive sub-styles: 1) The Spindled Queen Anne. 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