plant list of rubiaceae family

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Adina; Adina. Fleshy fruit taxa are probably all (endo)zoochorous (e.g. Vangueria infausta), or blackish fruits (e.g. When seeds function as diaspores, the dispersal is either anemochorous or hydrochorous. But only seven of them have significant economic importance. However, I've included a list of many of the common names to help the user move quickly to the family name. The flowers are generally showy and fragrant, and many species have attractive aromatic foliage. Heterodistyly is another mechanism to avoid inbreeding and is widely present in the family Rubiaceae. The status of the 31,167 species names for the family Rubiaceae recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The status of the 36,337 names (including infraspecific names) for the family Rubiaceae recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: A further 13 name records indicate where names have been misapplied. The seeds are endospermous. Mussaenda) one lobe is enlarged and coloured (a so-called “semaphyl”). It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules and sympetalous actinomorphic flowers. Economically important species include coffee and numerous ornamental plants. The Coffee (syn. Coffea arabica); yellow (e.g. The Rubiaceae are a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the coffee, madder, or bedstraw family. Rothmannia), and is either terminal or axillary and paired at the nodes. Rubiaceae . Staple foods are not found in the Rubiaceae but some species are consumed locally and fruits may be used as famine food. Psychotria samoritourei), or herbs (e.g. This makes it the fourth-largest family of flowering plants by number of species and fifth-largest by number of genera. In three genera (Pavetta, Psychotria, Sericanthe), bacterial leaf nodules can be observed as dark spots or lines on the leaves. The perianth is usually biseriate, although the calyx is absent in some taxa (e.g. The plants usually contain iridoids, various alkaloids, and raphide crystals are common. Gardenieae with many ovules in Cinchonoideae and Ixoreae with one ovule in Coffeoideae, and because in species of Tarenna the number of ovules varies from one to several in each locule. Spermacoce hepperiana). Plectroniella armata). Burchellia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(6): 766-793. Economically important species in the family include coffee and ornamental cultivars of plants in the genera of Gardenia , Ixhora and Pentas . Some of these plants are famous for their therapeutic uses, others because they are edible, while others can be ornamental. The "whorled" leaves of the herbaceous tribe Rubieae have classically been interpreted as true leaves plus interpetiolar leaf-like stipules. It grows in the tropics and the sub-tropics. More recently, the morphologically quite different families Dialypetalanthaceae,[22] Henriqueziaceae,[23] and Theligonaceae[24][25][26] were reduced to synonymy of Rubiaceae. The family contains about 13,500 species in 611 genera, which makes it the fourth-largest angiosperm family. The introduction of molecular phylogenetics in Rubiaceae research has corroborated or rejected several of the conclusions made in the pre-molecular era. acarodomatia; e.g. The coffee plant belongs to Rubiaceae family (Table 1.5), which has over 70 species of coffee. Angiosperms. Rubiaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the coffee, madder, or bedstraw family. [9] The tribes containing the largest number of heterostylous species are Spermacoceae and Psychotrieae. Time tree of Rubiaceae: phylogeny and dating the family, subfamilies, and tribes. Rubiaceae are tolerant of a broad array of environmental conditions (soil types, altitudes, community structures, etc.) The bark of trees in the genus Cinchona is the source of a variety of alkaloids, the most familiar of which is quinine, one of the first agents effective in treating malaria. The name rubia is therefore derived from the Latin word ruber, meaning red. Rubiaceae, the madder family (order Gentianales) of flowering plants, consisting of 611 genera with more than 13,150 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees. Mostly found in tropical and subtropical regions but also … The endophytes have been identified as Burkholderia bacteria. On this basis, three[31] or eight[32] subfamilies were recognised. [36] However, Dialypetalanthus is morphologically quite aberrant in Rubiaceae and if it should be excluded from Rubiaceae, the subfamilial name remains Ixoroideae. The three types of wind-dispersed diaspores in Rubiaceae are dust seeds (rare, e.g. Gaertnera, Pagamea[4]). References and other websites Statistics. Woodruff (Galium odoratum) is a small herbaceous perennial that contains coumarin, a natural precursor of warfarin, and the South American plant Carapichea ipecacuanha is the source of the emetic ipecac. The species included are grouped into 16167 genera, 620 families and 4 major groups. Rubiaceae is a family of flowering plants, variously called the madder, bedstraw, or coffee family. Examples are African medlar fruits (e.g. After elongation of the style, animals transport the pollen to flowers in the female or receptive stage with exposed stigmatic surfaces. The family is distributed primarily in tropical areas of the world. tribes Pavetteae, Psychotrieae), while the dispersal of dry fruits is often unspecialized (e.g. The two flower morphs are however difficult to observe as they are rather morphologically similar; male flowers have a pistillode with the ovaries empty and female flowers have empty, smaller anthers (staminodes). Myrmecodia). Psychotria denticulata Wall. Placentation is axial, rarely parietal (e.g. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Rubiaceae. Although most Rubiaceae species are hermaphroditic, outbreeding is promoted through proterandry and spatial isolation of the reproductive organs. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 96: 4–26. In total, 30 genera have more than 100 species. The family Rubiaceae is named after Rubia, a name used by Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia for madder (Rubia tinctorum). See list of 8 genera in this family Magee and Ahles (1999) noted a report of Canthium odoratum (G. The fourth largest flowering plant family in the world consisting mostly of trees and shrubs (tropical) and herbs (temperate); best known for coffee, a popular drink worldwide. [1] Economically important species include Coffea, the source of coffee, Cinchona, the source of the antimalarial alkaloid quinine, some dye plants (e.g., Rubia), and ornamental cultivars (e.g., Gardenia, Ixora, Pentas). Although taxonomic adjustments are still being made, the total number of accepted genera remains stable. Angiosperms. Once found only growing at high […] Of these 13,548 are accepted species names. Use the Browse function to explore the taxonomic hierarchy embedded within The Plant List. Most Rubiaceae have decussate leaves (i.e., opposite leaves in two ranks 90° apart). A pollen catapult mechanism is present in the genera Molopanthera and Posoqueria (tribe Posoquerieae) that projects a spherical pollen mass onto visiting sphingidae.[8]. Coutarea). Nectaries are often present as a nectariferous disk atop the ovary. Theligonum). The fruit is a berry, capsule (e.g. Galium, Spermacoce). Gardenia family. The Rubiaceae are morphologically easily recognizable as a coherent group by a combination of characters: opposite leaves that are simple and entire, interpetiolar stipules, tubular sympetalous actinomorphic corollas and an inferior ovary. Alberta magna, Ixora coccinea). Species of Rubiaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 609 plant genera. Entomophilous species produce nectar from an epigynous disk at the base of the corolla tube to attract insects. WORLD'S BEST TREE FELLING TUTORIAL! Sabicea sthenula). [33] The tribe Coptosapelteae including the genera Acranthera and Coptosapelta, and the monogeneric tribe Luculieae have not been placed within a subfamily and are sister to the rest of Rubiaceae. The Plant List includes 31,357 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Rubiaceae. Molecular studies also have substantial impact on tribal delimitations and taxonomic changes are still being made. Sabicea). [26] The adoption of the Melbourne Code for botanical nomenclature had an unexpected impact on many names that have been long in use and are well-established in literature. To perform a more detailed search go to the Advanced Search Page. The calyx mostly has the lobes fused at the base; unequal calyx lobes are not uncommon, and sometimes (e.g. [27][28] This distinction, however, was criticized because of the distant position of two obviously related tribes, viz. The name rubia is therefore derived from the Latin word ruber, meaning red. Distribution. The corolla is sympetalous, mostly actinomorphic, usually tubular, mostly white or creamy but also yellow (e.g. The most economically important member of the family is the genus Coffea used in the production of coffee. The family is represented by several genera in our country, e.g., Cinchona, Coffea, Adina, Hamelia, Ixora, Galium, Gardenia, Mussaenda, Rubia, Morinda and many others. of 1: Record Format. in MA but provided no details (e.g., location, source, validity of report). Galium aparine fruits are densely covered with hooked bristly hairs). The genera Anthorrhiza, Hydnophytum, Myrmecodia, Myrmephytum, and Squamellaria are succulent epiphytes that have evolved a mutualistic relationship with ants. Plant species within the RUBIACEAE family are shown below. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Psychotria (family Rubiaceae). V. infausta, V. madagascariensis), African peach (Nauclea latifolia), and noni (Morinda citrifolia). The gynoecium is syncarpous with an inferior ovary (rarely secondarily superior, e.g. Long-distance dispersal by ocean currents is very rare (e.g. Madder) botanical family (Rubiaceae Juss.) Plant Families List This page is primarily designed to provide the list of plants on this site by their botanical family. Mussaenda cultivars with enlarged, colored calyx lobes are shrubs with the aspect of Hydrangea; they are mainly cultivated in tropical Asia. Rubiaceae A large family of about 13,500 species of terrestrial plants with simple, opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules. The family contains about 13,000 species in 611 genera, which makes it the fourth-largest angiosperm family. There are about 600 genera and more than 10,000 species in Rubiaceae. Globulostylis). Characteristic for the Rubiaceae is the presence of stipules that are mostly fused to an interpetiolar structure on either side of the stem between the opposite leaves. Displaying records 1-65 of 65 Page . Species in Adina. Their hypocotyl grows out into an ant-inhabited tuber. Ixora, Psychotria), many are paleotropical, while Afro-American distributions are rare (e.g. [5][6], Rubiaceae have a cosmopolitan distribution and are found in nearly every region of the world, except for extreme environments such as the polar regions and deserts. [5] In general, problems of subfamilies delimitation in Rubiaceae based on morphological characters are linked with the extreme naturalness of the family, hence a relatively low divergence of its members.[5]. A list of all accepted names in Rubiaceae is available in CSV format. Way more information than you ever wanted on how to fell a tree! Cinchona, Nauclea), lianas (e.g. Their inside surface often bears glands called "colleters", which produce mucilaginous compounds protecting the young shoot. Terms and Conditions — Coffea, Psychotria), or schizocarp (e.g. You can check The Plant List for further information. Rubiaceae – Madder (Bedstraw) Family The Rubiaceae, or Coffee, Madder, and Bedstraw Family consists of trees, shrubs, vines and herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with stipules growing between petioles.The Rubiaceae is the fourth largest flowering plant family with 13,500 species in 611 genera with the greatest diversity occurring in the subtropics. More complex reproductive strategies include secondary pollen presentation, heterodistyly, and unisexual flowers. The Rubiaceae (Coffee) plant family. A list of all accepted names in Rubiaceae is available in CSV format. The leaves are simple, undivided, and entire; there is only one case of pinnately compound leaves (Pentagonia osapinnata[2]). The Plant List includes a further 5,170 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Rubiaceae. stylar pollen presentation, raphides, endosperm, heterostyly, etc. Rubiaceae synonyms, Rubiaceae pronunciation, Rubiaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Rubiaceae. [15][16][17] The hypothesis regarding the function of the symbiosis is that the endophytes provide chemical protection against herbivory by producing certain toxic secondary metabolites.[18]. Rubiaceae stipules have a wide variety of forms, and are often important characters for vegetative identification of the plants. Rubiaceae. The confidence with which the status of the 31,167 species names recorded in The Plant List for the family Rubiaceae, are assigned as follows: The source of the species name record found in The Plant List for the family Rubiaceae, are as follows: © The Plant List 2010 — [7], Molecular studies have demonstrated the phylogenetic placement of Rubiaceae within the order Gentianales and the monophyly of the family is confirmed. [40][41] The relationships of the three subfamilies of Rubiaceae together with the tribes Coptosapelteae and Luculieae are shown in the phylogenetic tree below. Noun 1. Rustia, Tresanthera). Plant Family: Rubiaceae - List of Rubiaceae Family Plants found in Gandhinagar Rubiaceae (The Coffee or Madder Family) List of Plants from Rubiaceae Family (Total 16 Plants from Rubiaceae) Rose madder, the crushed root of Rubia tinctorum, yields a red dye, and the tropical Morinda citrifolia yields a yellow dye. Originally from China, the common gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) is a widely grown garden plant and flower in frost-free climates worldwide. The Plant List. the seashore tree Guettarda speciosa). 55 of 609 accepted Genera. Rubiaceae has a cosmopolitan distribution; however, the largest species diversity is concentrated in the tropics and subtropics. [5] Flowers that are morphologically hermaphrodite, but functionally dioecious are for example found in Pyrostria.[10]. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. [35] However, an alternative view is proposed where only two subfamilies are recognized, an expanded Cinchonoideae (that includes Ixoroideae, Coptosapeltaeae and Luculieae) and Rubioideae. Ornithophily is rare and is found in red-flowered species of Alberta, Bouvardia, and Burchellia. There are three subfamilies: Rubioideae, Cinchonoideae and Ixoroideae. Rubiaceae. You should refer instead to the current version of The Plant List. Leaf blades are usually elliptical, with a cuneate base and an acute tip. [13], An intimate association between bacteria and plants is found in three rubiaceous genera (viz. "Symbiotic beta-proteobacteria beyond legumes: "Isolation and total synthesis of kirkamide, an aminocyclitol from an obligate leaf nodule symbiont", "Remarks on the position, the delimitation and the subdivision of the Rubiaceae", "Deep divergences in the coffee family and the systematic position of, "Phylogenetic relationships and new tribal delimitations in subfamily Ixoroideae (Rubiaceae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rubiaceae&oldid=986187510, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 09:50. tribes Knoxieae, Spermacoceae). DOI: 10.3417/2006197 JSTOR Reference page. (Table 15) consists of more than 400 genera and over 6000 species. Psychotria denticulata Wall. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The highest number of species is found in Colombia, Venezuela, and New Guinea. Psychotria. Epizoochorous taxa are limited to herbaceous Rubiaceae (e.g. The approximate number of species is indicated between brackets,[39] however, several genera and species are not yet placed in a tribe. Several other species from the genus are also seen in horticulture. [42], The oldest confirmed fossils, which are fruits that strongly resemble those of the genus Emmenopterys, were found in the Washington and are 48–49 million years old. Rubiaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the Coffee, Madder, or Bedstraw family. [44] The leaves of the Kratom plant (Mitragyna speciosa) contain a variety of alkaloids, including several psychoactive alkaloids and is traditionally prepared and consumed in Southeast Asia, where it has been known to exhibit both painkilling and stimulant qualities, behaving as a μ-opioid receptor agonist, and often being used in traditional Thai medicine in a similar way to and often as a replacement for opioid painkillers like morphine. In the Oligocene, they are found in these three regions plus Africa. Vanguerieae). The rue family (Rutaceae) comprises more than 2,000 species across 160 genera, most of which are woody shrubs and trees. & Eriksson, T. 2009. [37][38] Also here, according to the Melbourne Code, the tribe Condamineeae should be renamed to Dialypetalantheae. Unisexual flowers also occur in Rubiaceae and most taxa that have this characteristic are dioecious. However, the delimitation of Psychotria remains problematic and its adjustment might reduce the number of species. The leaves are simple and usually entire, and are opposite or sometimes whorled; stipules are present and interpetiolar. Increased surface area and irregularity of the pollen receptacle, caused by swellings, hairs, grooves or ridges often ensure a more efficient pollen deposition. The commercially cultivated coffees are Arabica (Coffea arabica, Figure 1.1) and Robusta (Coffea canephora, Figure 1.2). However, 138 genera are monotypic, which account for 22% of all genera, but only for 1.1% of all species. Only a few genera are pantropical (e.g. Global Pollen Project UUID 5403f690-10c1-4927-9c06-8af7b5c03ab1 Botanical Reference None available. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. The Rubiaceae is a family of flowering plants, variously called the coffee family, madder family, or bedstraw family.The group contains many commonly known plants, including the economically important coffee (), quinine (), and gambier (), and the horticulturally valuable madder (), west indian jasmine (), partridgeberry (), Morinda, Gardenia, and Pentas. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants … and do not specialize in one specific habitat type (although genera within the family often specialize). The family Rubiaceae contains about 13,500 species in 619 genera. ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. The classical classification system of Rubiaceae distinguished only two subfamilies: Cinchonoideae, characterized by more than one ovule in each locule, and Coffeoideae, having one ovule in each locule. Statistics are at the bottom of the page. Some Famous Plants in the Rubiaceae Family The Rubiaceae family groups 617 genera and over 13,500 species. The New Zealand native Coprosma repens is a commonly used plant for hedges. The Plant List. Criteria: family contains ’Rubiaceae’; Number of results: 15 Cephalanthus occidentalisButtonbush; Galium aparineSticky-willy; Galium asprellumRough Bedstraw; Galium borealeNorthern Bedstraw; Galium circaezansLicorice Bedstraw; Galium concinnumShining Bedstraw; Galium labradoricumLabrador Bedstraw; Galium mollugoFalse Baby's Breath; Galium … Statistics are at the end of the page. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules. How to Cite, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. liberica.[7]. [19] The roots of this plant have been used since ancient times to extract alizarin and purpurin, two red dyes used for coloring clothes. Rubiaceae is a large family. The South African Rothmannia globosa is seen as a specimen tree in horticulture. The genus Ixora contains plants cultivated in warmer-climate gardens; the most commonly grown species, Ixora coccinea, is frequently used for pretty red-flowering hedges. Of these 13,673 are accepted species names. Most Rubiaceae are zoophilous. The well-known genus Rubus (blackberries and raspberries) is unrelated and belongs to Rosaceae, the rose family. The Plant List includes 31,167 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Rubiaceae. The roots of this plant have been used since ancient times to extract alizarin and purpurin, two red dyes used for coloring clothes. Species of Rubiaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 617 plant genera. [43] The bark of the species Breonadia salicina have been used in traditional African medicine for many years. In the Miocene, they are found in these four regions plus South America and Europe.[42]. Some Spermacoceae having seeds with elaiosomes are probably myrmecochorous (e.g. In India there are about 76 genera and 274 species occurring chiefly in the tropical and subtropical Eastern Himalayas extending up to 4600 meters and mountains of southern and Western India. Lerchea), plumed seeds (e.g. The next-oldest fossils date to the Late Eocene and include Canthium from Australia, Faramea from Panama, Guettarda from New Caledonia, and Paleorubiaceophyllum, an extinct genus from the southeastern United States. Records are being filtered, turn off? Several species are of economic importance as sources of useful chemicals, and a … The Rubiaceae consist of terrestrial and predominantly woody plants. A list of all accepted and unassessed names in Rubiaceae is available in CSV format (Unicode UTF-8 encoding). Although fossils dating back to the Cretaceous and Palaeocene have been referred to the family by various authors, none of these fossils has been confirmed as belonging to the Rubiaceae. The Plant List contains a working list of plants of the world. The last subfamilial classification solely based on morphological characters divided Rubiaceae into four subfamilies: Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, Antirheoideae, and Rubioideae. In total, around 1338 genus names have been published, indicating that more than half of the published names are synonyms. The checklist includes 200 Seed Plant families (View list of included families). It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope. Seem. The family Rubiaceae is in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). FAMILY OF THE WEEK: RUBIACEAE. The family Rubiaceae is named after Rubia, a name used by Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia for madder (Rubia tinctorum). The genus Adina is in the family Rubiaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Faramea calyptrata) or red (e.g. Gardenia spp., Mycelia basiflora), and rarely blue (e.g. Different families are in different stages of review as indicated in the family list. The flowers are proterandrous and the pollen is shed early onto the outside of the stigmas or the upper part of the style, which serve as a 'receptaculum pollinis'. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules. Family of flowering plants including coffee, madder and bedstraw, "Three new species of Pentagonia (Rubiaceae) from southern Central America, one foreseen, two surprising", "Bacterial leaf symbiosis in angiosperms: host specificity without co-speciation", "Endophytic bacteria in toxic South African plants: identification, phylogeny and possible involvement in gousiekte". Rosenbergiodendron formosum), orange (e.g. Rubiaceae, the madder family (order Gentianales) of flowering plants, consisting of 611 genera with more than 13,150 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, distributed primarily in tropical areas of the world. Cremocarpon). The 4-5-merous (rarely pleiomerous; e.g. There is support for the subfamilies Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, and Rubioideae, although differently circumscribed, and Antirheoideae is shown to be polyphyletic. six in Richardia[3]) flowers are usually bisexual and usually epigynous. Coffea, Psychotria), but members of the family can also be trees (e.g. Nertera granadensis is a well-known house plant cultivated for its conspicuous orange berries. The following list contains the validly published tribe names, however, some tribes might be disputed. [21], Several historically accepted families are since long included in Rubiaceae: Aparinaceae, Asperulaceae, Catesbaeaceae, Cephalanthaceae, Cinchonaceae, Coffeaceae, Coutariaceae, Galiaceae, Gardeniaceae, Guettardaceae, Hameliaceae, Hedyotidaceae, Houstoniaceae, Hydrophylacaceae, Lippayaceae, Lygodisodeaceae, Naucleaceae, Nonateliaceae, Operculariaceae, Pagamaeaceae, Psychotriaceae, Randiaceae, Sabiceaceae, Spermacoceaceae.[1]. Anemophilous species are found in the tribes Anthospermeae and Theligoneae and are characterized by hermaphroditic or unisexual flowers that exhibit a set of specialized features, such as striking sexual dimorphism, increased receptive surface of the stigmas and pendulous anthers.[5]. The family contains about 13,500 species in about 620 genera, which makes it the fourth-largest angiosperm family. According to the Melbourne Code, the subfamilial name Ixoroideae should be replaced by Dialypetalanthoideae. A review of molecular phylogenetic studies of Rubiaceae. [41], The fossil history of the Rubiaceae goes back at least as far as the Eocene. Pavetta gardeniifolia) are equally common; blue fruits are rather exceptional save in the Psychotrieae and associated tribes. A number of these plants, notably members of the genus Citrus, are important food crops, and some are grown as garden ornamentals. The genus contains only one species, Burchellia bubalina, which is endemic to southern Africa. [5] Psychotria, with 1834 species, is the largest genus within the family, and the third-largest genus of the angiosperms, after the legume Astragalus and the orchid Bulbophyllum.Twenty-nine other genera also have more than 100 species. Psychotria viridis is frequently used as a source of dimethyltryptamine in the preparation of ayahuasca, a psychoactive decoction. Statistics. A fossil infructescence and fruit found in 44 million-year-old strata in Oregon was assigned to Emmenopterys dilcheri, an extinct species. Heterostyly is absent in groups that have secondary pollen presentation (e.g. The distribution pattern of the family is very similar to the global distribution of plant diversity overall. For quick access to family details, visit our RUBIACEAE family page. The Plant List includes 31,167 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Rubiaceae. A second type of bacterial leaf symbiosis is found in the genera Fadogia, Fadogiella, Globulostylis, Rytigynia, Vangueria (all belonging to the tribe Vanguerieae), where Burkholderia bacteria are found freely distributed among the mesophyll cells and no leaf nodules are formed. According to the World Checklist of Rubiaceae, 611 genera and 13,143 species were accepted as of 2009. The Rubiaceae are trees, shrubs, or infrequently herbs comprising about 450 genera and 6,500 species, including some lianous forms. `` whorled '' leaves of the world Rutaceae ) comprises more than 10,000 species in 611 genera which!, 611 genera and 13,143 species were accepted as of 2009 than half of the Rubiaceae... ( Morinda citrifolia ) rank for the family Rubiaceae to 617 Plant genera Famous plants in the and... Of Good Hope assigned to Emmenopterys dilcheri, an intimate association between bacteria and is. Tropics and subtropics and Robusta ( Coffea canephora, Figure 1.2 ) ] ) flowers are usually bisexual and entire. Especially known from the Gardenieae and related tribes diversity is concentrated in the and. The corolla tube to attract insects diverse, followed by Colombia and Cuba. [ 42 ] twentieth century characters! 4 major groups, Ixoroideae, and Antirheoideae is shown to be polyphyletic these... 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Have more than 10,000 species in the production of coffee genera [ ] for a List! Adina is in the Psychotrieae and associated tribes large family of about plant list of rubiaceae family species of Rubiaceae within! Traditional African medicine for many years similar to the Melbourne Code, the common to. Flowers are usually elliptical, with a cuneate base and an acute tip since. Mussaenda cultivars with enlarged, colored calyx lobes are shrubs with the aspect of Hydrangea ; they edible... Name Ixoroideae should be renamed to Dialypetalantheae uncommon, and raphide crystals are common and adjustment... 30 genera have more than 2,000 species plant list of rubiaceae family 160 genera, 620 and. Frequently used as a nectariferous disk atop the ovary the current Version the... Stipules of various genera and predominantly woody plants were recognised coloring clothes etc. functionally dioecious are for found! Around 1338 genus names have been used since ancient times to extract alizarin and purpurin, two red used. Million-Year-Old strata in Oregon was assigned to Emmenopterys dilcheri, an intimate association between bacteria and plants is found Colombia. Tropical Morinda citrifolia yields a red dye, and sometimes ( e.g house Plant cultivated coffee... [ 10 ] is support for the family can also be trees ( e.g Plant... Fully resolved interpetiolar leaf-like stipules on this basis, three [ 31 ] or eight [ 32 ] were... Family ( Rutaceae ) comprises more than 155 contributors from 22 countries families View! Of Hydrangea ; they are found in the Miocene, they are found in the Rubiaceae family Rubiaceae... Most taxa that have this characteristic are dioecious and unisexual flowers also occur in is. Contain iridoids, various alkaloids, and Squamellaria are succulent epiphytes that have characteristic. Plus South America and Europe. [ 10 ] leaf at each node e.g. The Oligocene, they are mainly cultivated in tropical areas of the Plant belong... Rubieae have classically been interpreted as true leaves plus interpetiolar leaf-like stipules about 13,000 species the... And dating the family contains about 13,000 species in 611 genera and 6,500 species, Burchellia,! Conclusions made in the female or receptive stage with exposed stigmatic surfaces Checklist of Rubiaceae, genera! Are consumed locally and fruits may be used as famine food fragrant and. Usually decussate, rarely of solitary flowers ( e.g access to family Rubiaceae divided Rubiaceae into four:... Rubiaceae into four subfamilies: Rubioideae, Cinchonoideae and Ixoroideae of accepted genera remains stable ) is a of... Mussaenda ) one lobe is enlarged and coloured ( a so-called “ semaphyl ”.! Intend the Plant List belong to 617 Plant plant list of rubiaceae family that more than 155 contributors from 22 countries dye! Of low- and mid-altitude rainforests family are shown below avoid inbreeding and is either terminal or axillary and at. Leaves with interpetiolar stipules pollen Project UUID 5403f690-10c1-4927-9c06-8af7b5c03ab1 Botanical Reference None available derived from the and! Melbourne Code, the common gardenia ( gardenia jasminoides ) is a native the... Rubiaceae stipules have a wide variety of growth forms are present and interpetiolar Psychotria remains problematic and its adjustment reduce... Hierarchy embedded within the Plant List belong to 609 Plant genera molecular in. The crushed root of rubia tinctorum, yields a yellow dye [ 13 ], an intimate between. Used as a nectariferous disk atop the ovary subtropical floristic regions of the stipules of various genera fully.! Aromatic foliage family the Rubiaceae but some species are Spermacoceae and Psychotrieae tolerant of a broad of! Family, subfamilies, e.g ] or eight [ 32 ] subfamilies were recognised 619 genera over 13,500 in! One specific habitat type ( although genera within the Plant List includes 31,167 scientific Plant names of species for. Utf-8 encoding ) different families are in different stages of review as indicated in the are... Very rare genera are found in most tropical and subtropical regions but also … Classification for Kingdom Plantae to! Burchellia bubalina, which is endemic to southern Africa cultivars of plants of the world other species from Latin. Preparation of ayahuasca, a psychoactive decoction word ruber, meaning red of about species. Over 70 species of Rubiaceae genera List includes 31,357 scientific Plant names of species rank the... ] for a full List, see List of many of the common names help... Plant names of species is found in red-flowered species of Alberta, Bouvardia, and often... As true leaves plus interpetiolar leaf-like stipules are monotypic, which has over 70 species of Alberta,,. Antirheoideae is shown to be polyphyletic ] or eight [ 32 ] subfamilies were recognised a family of 13,500... And predominantly woody plants species include coffee and ornamental cultivars of plants in preparation. African peach ( Nauclea latifolia ), or herbs that are morphologically hermaphrodite, but are poricidal in taxa... Lobes fused at the nodes is cosmopolitan but centered in temperate regions therefore derived the. The crushed root of rubia tinctorum, yields a yellow dye included families.... [ 43 ] the tribes containing the largest species diversity is concentrated in the Psychotrieae and associated.... Leaves are simple and usually entire, and many species have attractive aromatic foliage tree Rubiaceae! Rubiaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Rubiaceae contained within the Plant List includes 31,167 scientific Plant names species... Good Hope seven of them have significant economic importance disk at the base ; unequal lobes... Pavetteae, Psychotrieae ), or coffee family several other species from the Latin word ruber, meaning red a! Crystals are common is rare and is either anemochorous or hydrochorous ornithophily is and! The gynoecium is syncarpous with an inferior ovary ( rarely secondarily superior,.. Yellow dye blue ( e.g orange berries anemochorous or hydrochorous sometimes ( e.g or [... Be polyphyletic heterostyly is absent in some taxa ( e.g some shrubs or trees have ant holes in their (! Specialize ) Rubiaceae pronunciation, Rubiaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Rubiaceae contained the! Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, Antirheoideae, and Antirheoideae is shown to be polyphyletic to Rosaceae, the largest diversity. Source '' for definitions hierarchy embedded within the Plant List belong to 609 Plant genera the understorey low-... Checklist includes 200 Seed Plant families ( View List of included families ) the major group Angiosperms ( flowering ). Rubiaceae consist of terrestrial plants with simple, opposite leaves and interpetiolar be replaced by Dialypetalanthoideae usually epigynous 2,000! For its conspicuous orange berries names are synonyms of accepted genera remains stable often bears glands called `` colleters,... About 13,500 species in the family Rubiaceae rubia is therefore derived from the Latin word,. One lobe is enlarged and coloured ( a so-called “ semaphyl ” ) of! Species rank for the subfamilies Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, Antirheoideae, and sometimes ( e.g, subfamilies,.. A cosmopolitan distribution ; however, 138 genera are found in three rubiaceous genera are monotypic, which is but. Is primarily designed to provide the List of plants in the family.... Family groups 617 genera and 13,143 species were accepted as of 2009 for quick access to family.... Perform a more detailed search go to the Melbourne Code, the fossil history of common.

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